Halloween can be a dangerous time of the year with vampires, zombies and werewolves roaming the streets at night. It pays to be prepared for any Halloween first aid emergency, so here’s our guide to dealing with monstrous injuries.

1. Safety First
If you’re the first on the scene after a Halloween attack, make sure it’s safe to approach. Look around to make sure there are no ghouls still in the area, ensure your path is free from slip and trip hazards (such as pools of blood and dismembered limbs) and don’t forget to look up for vampires.

Don’t be a hero when it comes to tackling malevolent beings – remember that there’s only limited evidence to support the use of silver bullets and stakes for werewolf and vampire slaying. Zombies can however often be avoided by slow movements and making appropriate zombie-like sounds.

2. Try to get a response
Speak clearly and loudly to the casualty. If they respond with incoherent groans they may have a lowered level of consciousness, or could be on the path to becoming undead. If there’s no response, now would be a good time to call for help.

3. Check for life-threatening bleeding
Vampire bites can be serious, as they target the jugular vein and carotid artery. Werewolves on the other hand tend to be a bit more indiscriminate. Regardless of the cause of the bleeding, major bleeds can quickly lead to serious problems, so try to stem the bleeding with direct pressure to the wound. Signs of shock include the casualty appearing pale, cold and clammy, although it can be easy to mistake a zombie for a casualty in shock (see point 1).

4. Open the airway
Tilting the head back and lifting the casualty’s chin will help them to breathe – just be careful not to get bitten by any undead casualties.

5. Look, listen and feel for normal breathing
With your head close to the casualty’s mouth, listen for breathing while watching for their chest and stomach area rising and falling at the same time. Do this for up to 10 seconds. Irregular gasping sounds or gurgling are not normal breathing, neither is a rasping voice whispering “bloooood…” in your ear.

6. Deal with any other bleeding
Assuming your casualty is breathing normally, check for other bleeding wounds. Vampires are likely to have left puncture wounds whilst werewolves tend to inflict lacerations on their victims. Zombies often inflict a number of injuries, so make sure you check thoroughly for any hidden wounds.

Enjoy Halloween, but be prepared
Whether you’re battling werewolves or slaying vampires it always pays to know a few simple but effective first aid skills. Whether you need to learn some new skills or refresh your existing ones, see our courses to find what you’re looking for.